In the third year studio, architectural design is studied as an urban intervention. While the first semester focuses on a public building project in a multifaceted central urban context, the second semester studio tackles with a larger building compound and urban open space. Project proposals are expected to stem from an architectural position developed through the collective analyses and individual readings of the urban context, as well as the typological research on the relevant precedents.
The semester begins with a study of various aspects of the assigned built environment, including urban form, block structure, open spaces, land use, transportation infrastructure, scale comparisons, density, topography and orientation analyses. Benefitting from a process of collective effort to analyze and understand the given sites, students start to prioritize some aspects of the site and form their individual positions. Working on the redevelopment of an urban public space, the student projects are expected to be driven by an understanding of the urban condition beyond the specific site and enhance public life around it.
In this semester, students were asked to work on Etiler Anatolian Hotel Management and Tourism Vocational High School. Like many public schools with relatively large plots in the city center, this school is under pressure. It potentially runs the risk of being relocated to a less central and less valuable land, in order to give way to the redevelopment of its plot as high-end housing, offices, and retail by private enterprise. This pattern is well established in today’s İstanbul and the close by vocational school for police education is already facing it. Yet the Tourism Vocational School and its hotel is well suited to this site, architectural program of the project was based on improving and keeping these functions, albeit in new buildings.
Students were given a specified architectural program with the total built area around 15.000 sqm. The program included; a 100-room hotel building (5.500 sqm), vocational school (1.500 sqm), multifunctional hall with 200 seats (500 sqm), restaurant/café (600 sqm), public facilities (5.000 sqm) and indoor parking (100 cars).Students were asked to allocate min.15% of the site (2 ha) for public uses, such as leisure, culture & community functions, health etc. and min.25-30% of the site for open areas (e.g. sports, parks & recreation). This public part of their proposal is expected to be distinctly designed as to allow easy pedestrian access from the surrounding residential areas as well as the new buildings they propose. Beside these public uses, they were free to propose a limited amount of privately owned amenities, such as retail, restaurants, bars, offices, arts & crafts etc., along with their proposed building blocks.
For the final review they will be asked to present their specific architectural approach in diagrams, the mass organization of the site plan, section and model in 1/500 and the architectural drawings of the proposal in 1/200 detail.